Култура и история - описание
As a resort Bansko offers numerous opportunities for tourism all year round - skiing; extreme sports - rafting, kayaking, off road walks, rock climbing, mountaineering; mountain hikes and outings, hunting, fishing, excursions, horseback riding, etc. Along with all this, there is a well developed cultural tourism in Bansko.
Interesting suggestions are so many that the people who come to tourism in Bansko should compile a list of what they want to see according to their interests. The selection is extremely rich - over 140 cultural monuments are in the area.
During the excavation, a large Thracian fortress, sanctuaries, early Christian churches, a Byzantine fortress, etc. were discovered and well preserved for tourists.
Separately there is a special museum for the history and ethnography of the region - the Radonova House, where the different periods are presented thematically. Thus, cultural tourism in Bansko can be immersed in a rich history, starting from the Thracians, passing through the Middle Ages and liberation struggles, to the liberation of Bansko from Turkish slavery in 1912.
Through various museums in Bansko, the guests of the city can also "meet" with great personalities born, lived and created in the city, which have remained in history. Here is a special memorial dedicated to Paisii Hilendarski, and in the large and modern building there are unique expositions for the life and work of the author who wrote "Slavonic Bulgarian History".
There are also museums of Neofit Rilski and Nikola Vaptsarov. The museum complex can also see unique works from the Bansko School of Painting and Iconography, as well as the typical Bansko National Revival House, which has a very specific architecture and construction. There are many interesting churches in Bansko's cultural tourism routes, one of which is even protected by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.
Local folklore and unique folk crafts fascinate tourists
The visit of the museums is traditionally the first complex stop for tourism in Bansko. Here are the expositions for the history of the region and its ethnographic specifics, for celebrities, for art and architecture. These tours of the specialized museums, which are in a common complex, tourists carry out with competent guides.
Thus visitors not only see and hear interesting things on the sites, but they can also get comprehensive answers to their questions about the development of culture in the region.
Throughout the summer, museums can be combined with visits to the municipal info center Bansko. Here you can get all sorts of reference information, but tourists are particularly impressed by the performances of local song, music and dance folklore.
Many of the people who come to cultural tourism in Bansko take advantage of the opportunity to take lessons at the Infocenter for folk dances and singing, playing a tambura or bagpipe, etc. The lessons are optional.
Separately, local ensembles almost continuously carry out folklore concerts - independent on city festivals and accompanying the performance of old artistic crafts or various exhibitions.
Demonstrations of old artistic crafts - carving, weaving, spinning, embroidery in specific ways, etc. are also very attractive for the tourists - they are just fascinated by them. Moreover, guests can get involved in the demonstrations and work under the guidance of the masters. These demonstrations are from June to September, and exhibitions such as swimsuits, carved or embroidered icons, painting, woodworking, photography, abstract art, etc. are held together with them.
Among the exhibits there are also quite unexpected works for tourists - such as puppets made with maize noise; decoration of bottles with waste materials, fabric souvenirs and others. Everything from here to the Infocenter offers infotours to local cultural attractions, such as the ancient fortresses.
In Bansko the "Holy Trinity" must be seen
There is a church that is in the center of Bansko and is a national monument like construction and architecture. At the same time, however, its history, which impresses tourists, is also amazing. This is the church of the Holy Trinity.
Above all, it has to be said that the population of the former little town of Bansko, while under Ottoman rule and endured heavy bans on its faith, managed to build a huge church. Built between 1833 and 1835, it was the largest of the entire Balkan Peninsula.
Its dimensions - 44 meters long, 24 meters wide and 20 meters high by the arch, are impressive even today. They were unsurpassed to the construction of Alexander Nevsky's capital.
Banskales have given a heavy price - hundreds of families have made donations, breaking off their sips, over 1000 individual donations. And Lazar German, the mayor of that time, and the main organizer who paid for his life, was angrily tortured in prison for the construction that was much larger than the one allowed.
The very church inside is very impressive and beautiful, there are craftsmen and woodcarvers from Bansko and Debris schools. Their work makes the carved iconostasis, frescoes, icons, thrones unique.
Thus, the church, looking small outside, is actually beautiful and majestic. The belfry - impressive with its 30 meters height, was made further in 1850 and the complex is one of the greatest achievements in the culture in Bulgaria during the Renaissance.
The plan of the building is by Dimitar Doyuv, master of Bansko, who previously worked on the Aegean Sea, Cyprus and others. In Belgrade, for example, he made the Patriarchal Church.
The church in Bansko is three parts, the walls are white marble blocks. The reproduced biblical scenes are bright colors, the faces are spirited, vibrant. Here is the influence of Rome and Venice, where Toma Vishanov, the founder of the Bansko School of Painting and Carving, studied.
Unique: Jesus as an astronaut in a church from 1614!
There are many cultural tourism routes in Bansko, including the Dobarsko village, which is twenty kilometers away.
The church there is unique and as a building, and as frescoes, it is declared by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. Its uniqueness actually begins with its name - it only includes two saints in its name - one is Theodore Tyron, the other is Theodore Stratilat.
And yet - built in the distant 1614 year, but so it is located and built that is like ... natural air conditioner. Without any lateral human interference, the room maintains throughout the year temperatures that kept frescoes through the ages. And although they have never been restored and the Turks ever made a bathroom here, their colors are bright, fresh.
The length of the temple is 8.37 m, the width is 6.50 m, the maximum height is 5.20 m. Instead of the usual one-nave space at that time, the visitor finds a complicated solution for a three-nave basilica.
But this is the smallest, compared to the frescoes - they strike you. First of all, how many are the images and the scenes painted. This little space is extremely rich with a drawing, there are 460 images, among which donors and builders. The saints are over 30, so many female images do not exist in another church. It is also interesting that some of the saints waged helmets and helmets as was the armament in Western Europe.
Looking at the frescoes, one is amazed. In the "Transfiguration of the Lord," Christ flees like a space capsule that throws a fire like a rocket launcher. In the low is the atmosphere and the stratosphere. A similar image of God is also seen in "the resurrection of God." There Jesus descends to resurrect the dead from Hell, and on the way back he rises again like a rocket.
Scientists still have no answers to all these "strangenesses," but the church is indeed unique, world heritage is and deserves to be seen.
Excursions to Rila Monastery, Rozhen, Melnik, Kovachevitsa
The cultural tourism offers in Bansko also include excursions to remarkable places, which are between hour and two times.
Among them is the Rila Monastery, which is the largest in Bulgaria, has a unique architecture and is under the auspices of UNESCO as a heritage of humanity. The monastery dates from the 10th century, many times it has been reconstructed, even demolished and restored in its present form since the middle of the last century.
It includes religious and residential buildings as well as industrial buildings with a total area of 8800 square meters. The monastic cells are about 400. Its walls are stone, 24 meters tall and outside is like a fortress. Inside, however, there is a magnificent view of colonnades, arches, carved wooden loggias, the main church, the impressive tower with a bell tower, and so on. Here is the wall painting Zahari Zograf, there are extremely valuable icons from the 14th to the 19th century.
Another offer in the cultural tourism routes in Bansko is the Rozhen Monastery, which is 6 km away from Melnik. It dates back to the 13th century and was then one of the most important Orthodox centers in Bulgaria - it was beyond the authority of the bishopric, and he held a direct connection with the Ecumenical Patriarch. The visit to the monastery is also combined with the view of the town of Melnik, which is a historical and cultural reserve. Here are also the famous Melnik pyramids, which are an exceptional natural phenomenon.
Excursions to the Kovachevitsa architectural and historical reserve are organized from Bansko. In the 18th century, a building school was established here, and the special forged houses were made. They are unique in appearance and construction, made of unripe stone and wood, roofs of stone crying. The bond was made with the softened finger - strong enough to keep the buildings up to this day. The village is mentioned for the first time in written documents from the 15th-16th centuries, it is believed to have been founded by migrants from Bansko and the village of Ribnovo.